Mongolian food is a unique and interesting mix of Chinese, Russian, and Kazakh flavors. While the country’s harsh climate means that many traditional Mongolian foods are centered around meat (especially mutton).
Mongolian foods are also a number of vegetarian options available. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at some of the most popular traditional Mongolian dishes, as well as a few modern twists on old favorites.
Most popular traditional Mongolian foods
Most of these Mongolian foods are made with meat, as Mongolia has a long tradition of nomadic herding. Mongolian food is typically mixed with rice or noodles.
Mongolian food is not spicy, but it often uses a variety of herbs and spices to flavor dishes. Common spices include cumin, black pepper, and garlic.
As a result, resident typically consume large quantities of meat, dairy, and other animal products. However, in recent years, the country has seen a rise in vegetarianism, with more people opting for plant-based diets.
Here are Popular Mongolian food names
These are Mongolian main dishes and served in daily life. Excluding Khorkhog and Boodog. A Khorkhog and Boodog is special Mongolian traditional food during holidays or travel to Mongolian countryside.
And if you interested about Mongolian Beverages too here is you can find out.
What is the most famous Mongolian food? Let’s find out.
- Guriltai shul
- Budaatai huurga
- Chanasan makh
A type of steamed meat dumpling. Buuz are typically filled with mutton or beef, but can also be made with coat meat or horse meat. They are often served with a dipping sauce made from sour cream and vinegar.
Mongolian people are lovely to eat buuz during religious and national holidays, especially in Tsagaan Sar.
In Mongolia, you’ll find buuz in many forms. They get their names from how they’re folded and shaped like “flower buuz”, “sheep buzz”, or “lazy buuz”. As their names suggest, flower buuz resembles a flower while lazy buuz is the easiest and quickest to make.
Another popular dish is khorkhog, a type of stew made with mutton, potatoes, and carrots. Khorkhog is traditionally cooked in a pot over an open fire, but modern cooks often use a pressure cooker to speed up the cooking process.
it’s called ‘Bəəz’
The dough is made from flour, water, and salt, and it is typically filled with meat, vegetables, or a combination of both.
To make buuz, the dough is first rolled into small balls. Then, each ball is flattened and filled with the desired filling. The buuz are then folded into a pleated shape and steamed or boiled /for around 15 min/ until cooked through.
Khuushuur is a type of Mongolian fried dumpling that is typically filled with meat and vegetables. The dough is made from flour, water and salt, and it is rolled into thin sheets.
The filling is then placed in the center of the dough sheet, and the edges are gathered up and pinched together to form a pocket. The khuushuur is then fried in oil until it is golden brown.
Khuushuur can be served at Naadam that Mongolian traditional festival on Jule 11-15th.
it’s called ‘KəəShəər’
How to make Mongolian traditional food Khuushuur, you will need:
- 2 cups of flour
- 1 cup of water
- 1 teaspoon of salt
- 1/2 pound of ground meat (beef, lamb or pork)
- 1/2 cup of chopped onion
- 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil
- 1 tablespoon of soy sauce
In a large bowl, combine the flour, water and salt to form a dough. Knead the dough for about 5 minutes, then cover it and let it rest for 30 minutes. Meanwhile, in a small skillet, heat the oil over medium heat. Add the ground meat.
3. Bansh little dumpling
Bansh is a type of Mongolian food that is very popular. It is made with bans, which are a type of noodle, and it is often served with meat or vegetables.
bansh can be made in many different ways, but the most popular way is to cook it in broth. Bansh is a little bit smaller than Buuz. Mongolian People are Usually used in soup.
It’s called ‘bônSh’
To make bansh, you will need:
- vegetable oil
First, you will need to boiling the water in a pot. Then, you will need to add the bansh and cook them for about 10 minutes. After that, you will need to add the salt and vegetable oil.
Once everything is mixed together, you will need to let it sit for about 5 minutes. Next, you will need to put it in a serving dish and enjoy!
4. Tsuivan fried noodle
Another Top Mongolian traditional food is Tsuivan. Espiacelly men are like it a lot. Mongolian food tsuivan is a dish made of meat and vegetables that are cooked together in a single pot.
The tsuivan can be either vegetarian or meat-based, but it typically includes a variety of vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, onions, and cabbage. Meat-based tsuivans may also include lamb or beef.
It’s called ‘Cəivan’
To make tsuivan, the meat and vegetables are first browned in a large skillet or pot. Then, water or broth is added to the pan, and the tsuivan is simmered until the meat and vegetables are tender.
5. Guriltai shul noodle
Guriltai shul is a type of Mongolian noodle soup that is traditionally made with tsuivan, a noodle dish that consists of hand-rolled noodles and vegetables. The noodles are typically made from wheat flour.
Guriltai shul is usually made with mutton, or beef, though vegetarian versions of the soup are also common.
Guriltai shul pronunciation
It’s called ‘Gəriltəi sHel’
Guriltai shul Recipe
To make Guriltai shul, the noodles are first boiled in water until they are soft. Then, they are stir-fried with vegetables and meat. Once the Guriltai shul is boiled, it is added to the soup pot along with the meat and other ingredients.
You will need:
- Mutton or beef
6. Bantan is a hangover cure
Bantan is most favorite Mongolian food. The Mongolian people much love this one. The benefit of Bantan is that can quickly release yellowness after drinking alcohole.
People are very proud of this Mongolian Food. Because it’s Gold medalist food on Asian food festival.
Pronunciation of Bantan
It’s called ‘Bantan’
The Top Mongolian food Bantan needs much fewer ingredients.
- Flour /with special technology/
To make a Bantan first, boil water and then, the flour and meat are added to the pot and cooked until they are soft. Finally, the soup is seasoned with salt, pepper, and other spices as desired.
7. Budaatai Huurga fried rice
Another Mongolian famous food budaatai Khuurga, also known as beef fried rice, is a traditional Mongolian dish made of stewed meats, vegetables, and rice. The name budaatai huurga literally means “Fried rice”.
Budaatai Khuurga Recipe
Vegetables commonly used in budaatai khuurga include potatoes, carrots, turnips, and onions. The meat and vegetables are cooked in a broth made from water, salt, and spices such as cumin and black pepper. Once the stew is cooked, it is mixed with rice.
To make budaatai huurga, the following ingredients are needed:
- 1 pound of beef or mutton
- 1 potato
- 1 carrot
- 1 turnip
- 1 onion
- 2 cups of water
- 1 teaspoon of salt
- ½ teaspoon of cumin
- ¼ teaspoon of black pepper
8. Khorkhog Mongolian barbecue
This dish is made by cooking mutton or lamb in a pot with stones that have been heated in a fire. The meat is often cooked with vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, and onions.
Khorkhog is traditionally cooked in a pot over an open fire, but modern cooks often use a pressure cooker to speed up the cooking process.
Mongolians cook this food on vacation or on holidays. As I mentioned before a hot stone is a special performance human body. People believe that heated stone is very healthy. So they lovely to share the stone and roll it on their hand before eating Khorkhog.
It’s called ‘Khərkhəg’
9. Boodog special Mongolian food
Mongolian food boodog is a type of barbecued a marinated meat (usually lamb) into the skin of a animal (traditionally a marmot, but now often a goat). The meat is then cooked over an open fire.
The dish is prepared by stuffing the whole carcass with hot coals and then slow-cooking it over an open fire. Mongolians typically enjoy boodog with onions, potatoes, and other vegetables.
The dish is very interested to make it. Don’t try to make this food yourself. I think it needs more experience to make Boodog.
10. Chanasan makh boiled meat
Chanasan makh is a traditional Mongolian food that is made with cutton, beef, goatmeat and horsemeat. The meat is minced and then mixed with onions, garlic, and other spices. It is typically served with noodles or rice.
Chanasan makh is a popular food in Mongolia and is often served at celebrations and festivals. If you are interested in trying this dish, there are a few recipes available online. Chanasan makh is a delicious way to experience the unique flavors of Mongolia.
11. Gedes Dotor Intestine stomach
It’s another special food in Mongolia. Also it is made with sheep stomach, livers, lungs, hearts, etc. People believe that is healthy for the human body. Especially Mongolians like its soup. Because soup is included a number of organic vitamins.
The borts are then used to make a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, and sauces. Borts are typically made from beef or goat, but they can also be made from mutton, and camel meta. The drying process helps to preserve the meat, making it an ideal food for nomadic people.
Borts are high in protein and essential vitamins and minerals, making them a nutritious and filling meal. While borts may not be the most popular food in the world, they are a staple of the Mongolian diet and have been eaten for centuries.
13. Tsagaan Idee
Mongolian daily products are all made from milk, especially cow milk which is used in traditional Mongolian herder families. Depending on the geographical features, horse, camel, goat, and sheep milks are served as a source of protein and calcium in the traditional diet of Mongols.
What foods are made milk in Mongolia?:
- Aaruul /dry curd/
- Eezgii /fried curd/
- Airag /fermented mare’s milk/
- Aarts /wet curd/
- Urum Clotted cream
- Cheese, byaslag /dry curd/
- Yogurt, Tarag
- Camel fermented milk /khoormog/
The type of animal milk has its own benefits.
Cow milk /and Yak milk/
Cow’s milk yogurt and curd have a very good taste, so they are the favorite food of Mongolians. The milk of this animal is the majority of dairy products consumed by Mongolians.
Horse milk is rich in nutrients, warm and has a sour and salty taste. Airag is mainly made from mare’s milk. One liter of fermented milk can meet a person’s daily need for vitamin C
Sheep’s milk contains 1.5-2 times more fat and protein than cow’s milk. It means 1 liter of sheep’s milk is equivalent to 2 liters of cow’s milk
It is close to cow’s milk in its chemical composition and nutritional value. Goat milk is rich in calcium, phosphorus, and Vitamin A.
Processing of this milk to make dairy products is relatively small. Camel milk very popular in Mongolia. This is because the human body absorbs the caffeine quickly and it makes your metabolism work faster.
It has a very positive effect on cardiovascular function and it has a therapeutic effect on reducing high blood pressure.
Mongolian food is typically very healthy, as it is based on fresh, natural ingredients. Mongolian food is also low in fat and cholesterol.
If you are looking for a delicious and healthy way to experience Mongolian culture, then you should definitely try Mongolian food. You won’t be disappointed!
Mongolian food is healthy and organic. There are so many types of Mongolian food that I love, but my favorite has to be the Buuz /dumplings/. What’s your favorite?
What do Mongolians eat for dinner?
We eat fried rice, tsuivan, noodles, pasta, beef, and mutton for dinner. And they all mixed with vegetables. Dessert and salad is also served for dinner.
Do Mongolians eat lots of meat?
Yes, Mongolians eat lots of meat. Mutton, goatmeat, and beef are the daily cuisine in Mongolia. However, in recent year, more people opting for plant-based diets.
Is Mongolian food healthy?
Mongolian cuisines are very healthy for the human body. A list of foods are proven healthy foods in Mongolia. Aaruul, eezgii, tsagaan idee, yogurt, byaslag are made by milk.
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