Ulaanbaatar is the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is located in the north central part of the country. Ulaanbaatar has a population of over 1.5 million people, which makes it one of the most populous cities in Asia.

square of Ulaanbaatar
Sukhbaatar Square

The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastery. It became a capital in 1778, when the Mongolian Empire was established. The city’s name means “Red Hero” in Mongolian.

Ulaanbaatar is the place where the people of Mongolia have fought for their freedom and independence. It is also the political, economic, religious, and cultural center of the country.

That is why Ulaanbaatar is considered the symbol of Mongolian independence and strength.

Ulaanbaatar weather condition

  • Sun: shines an average of 2,724 hours per year in Ulaanbaatar.
  • Wind: The average wind speed in Ulaanbaatar is 5.4 meters per second.
  • Cloud: The average cloudiness in Ulaanbaatar is 60%.
  • Rain: The average rainfall in Ulaanbaatar is 468.9 millimeters per year.


day 25° degrees
night 15° degrees


day -15° degrees
night -30° degrees


day 20° degrees
night 10° degrees


day 10° degrees
night 0° degrees

Ulaanbaatar pronunciation

Ulaanbaatar’s pronunciation is ”oo·laan·baa·tor”

The Most attractive places in Ulaanbaatar

If you’re looking for a scenic escape from the hustle and bustle of city life, look no further than Ulaanbaatar’s many beautiful places.

From parks and temples to lakes and mountains, there’s something for everyone in this picturesque corner of the world. Here are twelve of our favorites.

1. National History Museum

There are many charming little attractions in the capital city of Mongolia. The most attractive place in Ulaanbaatar is the National Museum of Mongolia. It is located on the central square of the city and was founded in 1924.

The National History Museum of Mongolia is a leading national museum, with over 50,000 exhibits in its collection.

It has 9 exhibition halls that briefly show the history, culture, heritage, ethnography and traditional customs of the nomads from the Stone Age, when humans first appeared in Mongolia, to the present.

The National History Museum will be a central scientific research and promotion organization that preserves and exhibits more than 30% of all museum exhibits in Mongolia. This is the first and most important place to visit if you want to learn more about Mongolia’s history and culture.

2. Genghis Khan Statue Complex

There are several statues of Genghis Khan in Mongolia because the Mongolians see him as a symbol of their country’s strength and resilience. The most famous statue of Genghis Khan is the 40-meter-tall statue on the bank of the Tuul River.

It was built to commemorate the 800th anniversary of Genghis Khan’s birth, and it is the world’s largest equestrian statue. The complex also includes a museum that tells the story of Genghis Khan and his conquests.

The museum has exhibits on the history, culture, and art of the Mongolian people. It is a must-see for anyone interested in learning more about this legendary ruler and the people he conquered.

3. Gorkhi-Terelj National Park

Gorkhi-Terelj National Park is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Mongolia. It is a beautiful park that covers an area of 1,300 square kilometers. The park is located about 60 kilometers from the capital city of Ulaanbaatar and it is a popular place for hiking, camping, and fishing.

The park is named after two mountains: Gorkhi (meaning “Great”) and Terelj (meaning “Beautiful”). The park is home to a variety of wildlife, including deer, boars, ibex, wolves, and eagles. It also has many rivers and waterfalls, and is a great place for nature lovers to enjoy the beauty of the Mongolian countryside.

4. Khustai Park

Khustain Nuruu National Park is located in Arkhangai Province, about 100 kilometers west of Ulaanbaatar. The park was established in 1992 and covers an area of 1,176 square kilometers.

Khustain Nuruu is a beautiful and pristine national park, noted for its forested mountains, alpine meadows, and river valleys. The park is working on a lot of initiatives, including reintroducing the world’s last and only species of wild horse.

They are also working to protect many critically endangered animals and plants at the regional and international level. The park is a popular destination for hikers, mountain bikers, and nature lovers.

5. Gandantegchenling Monastery

The Gandantegchenling Monastery is a beautiful Buddhist temple that is located in the center of Ulaanbaatar. It was founded in 1805 by Zanabazar, the first Bogd Khan (religious leader) of Mongolia.

The monastery is home to a large collection of Buddhist statues and scriptures, and it is a popular place for tourists to visit.

The monastery is a beautiful example of traditional Mongolian architecture. It has a three-story main hall and a gold-domed stupa that is 108 meters high.

The monastery is open to visitors from 8:00am to 5:00pm, and admission is free. It is definitely worth a visit for anyone interested in learning more about the history and culture of Mongolia.

6. Genghis Khan Square

Genghis Khan Square is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Ulaanbaatar. It is a beautiful square that is located in the center of the city. The square was named after Genghis Khan, the founder of the Mongolian Empire. The square is also home to the National Parliament of Mongolia, which is a beautiful building that is worth seeing.

If you’re looking for a place to enjoy some peace and quiet, Genghis Khan Square is also a great place to relax. There are many benches where you can sit and enjoy the view. The square is a great place to people watch and get a feel for the culture of Ulaanbaatar.

7. Bogd Khaan Palace Museum of Mongolia

The Bogd Khaan Palace Museum of Mongolia is a museum that is dedicated to the life and work of Bogd Khan, the last religious leader of Mongolia. This museum is the winter palace and temple of YIII Bogd, the last Bogd.

bogd khan palace museum

The monastery consists of 7 palaces built between 1893 and 1903. On December 29, 1911, the YIII Bogd saint Javzandamba was elevated to the title of “Emperor of the Kingdom of Mongolia” and a ceremony was held there.

The museum has exhibits on the history of Mongolia, as well as on the religion and culture of the Mongolian people. It is a great place to learn more about the history and culture of this fascinating country.

8. Mongolian State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet

The Mongolian State Academic of Opera and Ballet is a beautiful pink and white building with columns in front. It was established on May 15, 1963, under the leadership of the Central Committee of Mongolian Public Revolution Party. Its aim was to “improve cultural awareness among the Mongol people.”

The State Academic Theater of Opera and Ballet’s repertoire has grown to over 100 national and international classical pieces, including 56 ballets (as well as several Mongolian ballets), 54 operas.

9. Galleria Ulaanbaatar

Galleria Ulaanbaatar is located in the city’s center, near the main square. It’s a great location to get the best shopping experience in Mongolia, with a large cashmere store, a souvenir shop, restaurants serving some of the finest local and international cuisines, and stunning views of the city. The best thing about this shopping mall is the souvenir shop, which has a wide selection of artifacts for all tastes and ages.

10. Zaisan Hill

Zaisan Hill is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Ulaanbaatar. It is a hill that is located on the outskirts of the city and offers stunning views of the cityscape and the surrounding countryside. The hill was named after Zaisan, a general who served under Genghis Khan.

The best time to visit Zaisan Hill is at sunset, when the sun sets behind the cityscape and creates a beautiful skyline. The hill is also a great place to go for a walk or a picnic.

There are many benches where you can sit and enjoy the view. Zaisan Hill is definitely worth a visit for anyone interested in getting a better understanding of the city of Ulaanbaatar.

11. Choijin Lama monastery

The Choijin Lama Monastery was built in 1904-1908 at the request of the eighth Javzandamba Khutagt, who was the spiritual leader of Mongolian Buddhism and later head of the Bogd Khaganate in Mongolia.

The temple was dedicated to his younger brother, who was the protector of Buddhist teachings in Mongolia and resided in the temple until his death in 1918.

The monastery is home to many beautiful temples and pagodas, as well as a large library that contains many rare manuscripts.

12. 13th Century Complex

The 13th Century Complex is located on 88 hectares of land around Yol Mountain in Erdene Sum, Central Province, 96 km from Ulaanbaatar. The aim of the project is to create a micro-kingdom that will make visitors feel as if they have traveled back in time during their stay in the complex by recreating how Mongols lived and worked in the 13th century.

Here you may witness rituals from Mongolian national life and customs such as wool felting of sheep, and the celebration of important holidays including the annual wedding ceremony, mare breeding, foaling, foal branding, and 3 Men’s Festivals.

With so many locations to see in Ulaanbaatar, there are certain questions that people always want to know. So please allow me to try and answer those questions for you.

Is it safe to travel to Ulaanbaatar?

Yes, it is safe to travel to Ulaanbaatar. The city is home to over 1.5 million people and is a popular tourist destination, so you will always find plenty of people, police and well equipped hospitals around.

What is Ulaanbaatar known for?

Ulaanbaatar is known for its wide array of tourist attractions, including museums, temples, monasteries and parks. Ulaanbaatar is a distinct city that symbolizes two different aspects of life.

Is Ulaanbaatar worth visiting?

Yes, definitely! Ulaanbaatar is a fascinating city with a lot to offer tourists, with many historical and cultural sites to see, as well as great shopping and dining opportunities.

Do they speak English in Ulaanbaatar?

Yes, in fact, it is the most common foreign language spoken in the city. So you will be able to get by just fine with English while in Ulaanbaatar. However, it is always a good idea to learn some basic phrases in Mongolian, as not everyone speaks English. This can help you to communicate with the locals and get a better understanding of their culture and way of life.

Is Ulaanbaatar beautiful?

Yes, Ulaanbaatar is a very beautiful city located in the heart of Mongolia. It is home to more than 1.3 million people and surrounded by amazing natural scenery, including snow-capped mountains, picturesque valleys and crystal-clear rivers.

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