These are interesting Mongolia facts. About Mongolian facts include:

1. Vast Land

Mongolia, with a land area of about 1.6 million and a population of about 3.0 million is the world’s most sparsely populated country.

Mongolia flag plus

The land ranges from desert to semi desert to grassy steppe, with mountains in the west and south west. Arable land is estimated to constitute only 0.8 percent of this vast country.

2. Location

Landlocked between the world most power countries Russia and China. Mongolia has shown steady growth in the recent years.

world map1

3. History

Modern humans reached Mongolia approximately 40.000 years ago. In 1206 Genghis Khan founded the Mongol empire which become the largest land empire in world history.

Mongolia later came under Manchus rule /China/, and won it’s independence from Manchus in 1921. The Mongolian people Republic was then established with Soviet influence.

4. Was the Soviet Union

Mongolia became an UN member state in 1961. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Mongolia saw it’s own relatively peaceful democratic revolution in the early 1990’s which led to a multi-party system a new constitution in 1992.

This transition resulted in an upheaval of structures that had been in place for 70 years and saw Mongolia’s trade with Russia decline by 80% and had a strong impact on people’s live.

5. Main Wealth is gold, coal, livestock

Throughout history, livestock raising by nomadic herders has been the major economic activity. In the early 20th century industrialization began, spurred by the Soviet Union and largely based on wool processing and extraction of minerals, mainly coal, copper, gold and fluorspar.

6. Mongolian Yurt & We call it ger

Mongolian ger (yurt) is a traditional dwelling used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia.

The portable, round tent is made of a wooden frame covered with felt or other insulation and can be easily dismantled and reassembled.

Gers are very resilient against harsh weather conditions, making them ideal for life. If you want buy Mongolian traditional Yurt click down below.

7. Land of the blue sky

Mongolia is often called the “Land of the Blue Sky” because it enjoys over 250 sunny days a year. The vast steppes and deserts make for incredible stargazing and natural beauty.

The incredible expanses of the Mongolian landscape, which include sweeping steppes, rugged mountains, and vast deserts, contribute to the clarity of its skies.

sky 1

With so few urban areas and the skies in Mongolia remain pristine and unobstructed, providing a breathtaking backdrop for both locals and travelers.

8. Unique Mongolian Script

Mongolian script, known as “Mongol Bichig” in the native language, is a fascinating writing system characterized by its vertical orientation.

When reading Mongolian text, you start from the top of the page and move downward, which sets it apart from most Western and some Asian scripts.

mongol bichig 1

This unique script has a flowing and artistic quality, often resembling elegant calligraphy. Each character is a combination of strokes, curves, and loops, making it visually distinct and pleasing to the eye.

The beauty and historical significance of Mongolian script continue to be celebrated in Mongolia, reflecting the nation’s rich cultural heritage.

9. Eagle hunters

“Eagle Hunting” is a unique and captivating tradition found in western Mongolia. It involves skilled hunters using majestic eagles as their hunting partners.

These eagles are meticulously trained from a young age to assist their human counterparts in capturing prey, primarily foxes and other small mammals.

eagle 1

This age-old practice demonstrates the deep bond between Mongolians and nature, as well as their resourcefulness in using eagles for hunting purposes.

It’s not only a fascinating cultural tradition but also a testament to the strong relationship Mongolians have with their environment.

10. Airag Adventures

Mongolians enjoy a unique drink called “airag,” which is fermented mare’s milk. It’s a bit sour and slightly alcoholic, and it’s a significant part of Mongolian culture. Many travelers find trying airag to be an adventurous culinary experience in Mongolia.

11. Prized Cashmere

Mongolia is famous for producing some of the world’s finest cashmere wool. The harsh winters in Mongolia result in cashmere goats growing incredibly soft and warm wool.


The delicate process of collecting and processing cashmere makes it a prized export, with Mongolian cashmere products highly sought after for their quality and warmth.

If you’re planning to traveling to Mongolia, be sure to keep these things in mind. By following this advice, you’ll make your journey smoother and more enjoyable. Have a great trip!

Related links

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *