Customs and Etiquette in Mongolia – A land of vast steppes and nomadic traditions, has a rich tapestry of customs and etiquette that reflect its unique culture.

Understanding these customs is not only a sign of respect but also a way to immerse yourself in the heart of Mongolian society.

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Greeting and Hospitality

Mongolians take their greetings seriously. A traditional Mongolian greeting involves a gentle handshake, followed by a nod of the head.

It’s important to use the right hand, as the left hand is considered impolite. Offering a friendly smile during this exchange is always appreciated.

Hospitality is deeply ingrained in Mongolian culture. When visiting a Mongolian ger (a traditional round tent), it’s customary to bring a small gift, such as dairy products or sweets, as a token of appreciation for the warm welcome.

When offered a cup of airag (fermented mare’s milk), be sure to accept it as a sign of respect, even if you take only a small sip.

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Respecting Elders

Respect for elders is a fundamental aspect of Mongolian culture. When addressing someone older than you, use their honorific title followed by their name.

It’s common to stand when an elder enters the room as a gesture of respect.

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Dress Code

Dressing modestly is essential in Mongolia. Both men and women should avoid wearing revealing or tight clothing, especially when visiting rural areas.

Traditional Mongolian attire, like the deel, is always appreciated and often welcomed by locals.

Nomadic Customs

Mongolia’s nomadic heritage remains alive and well. When approaching a nomadic family’s ger, it’s customary to walk clockwise around it before entering. Stepping over the threshold is considered disrespectful.

While visiting a nomadic family, it’s polite to accept any food or drink offered to you, as it represents the family’s hospitality. If you cannot eat or drink more, simply express your gratitude, and the host will understand.


Mongolians appreciate straightforward and honest communication. It’s important to be respectful and patient, as conversations may take time due to translation or interpretation challenges.

When speaking, maintain eye contact as a sign of attentiveness. Interrupting someone while they’re speaking is considered impolite.


Certain gestures and actions are considered offensive in Mongolia. Avoid pointing your feet at religious objects or people, as feet are considered the lowest part of the body. Stepping over food, especially dairy products, is also seen as disrespectful.

Religious Sites

Mongolia has a strong connection to Buddhism. When visiting monasteries or religious sites, dress modestly and follow the guidance of local signs and caretakers.

Always walk around religious objects clockwise, in a clockwise direction, as this is considered auspicious.

Saying Goodbye

When it’s time to say goodbye, express your gratitude for the hospitality you’ve received. A simple thank you in Mongolian, “Bayarlalaa,” will go a long way in showing your appreciation.

It’s also customary to offer a small gift when leaving, like tea or sweets, as a token of your gratitude.

In Summary

Mongolian customs and etiquette revolve around respect, hospitality, and a deep appreciation for tradition.

By observing these customs, you not only show respect for the local culture but also open the door to meaningful connections and unforgettable experiences in this beautiful land of the nomads.

So, as you journey through Mongolia, remember to greet with a smile, respect your elders, and embrace the warm hospitality that makes this country so special. Enjoy your adventure in Mongolia!

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