All types of trees Mongolia, with its vast landscapes and breathtaking beauty, is home to a remarkable variety of trees that add character to its scenery.

From the towering giants to the resilient shrubs, each tree tells a unique story of survival in this enchanting land.

Planting trees

1. Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica):

Let’s kick off our arboreal adventure with the Siberian Pine, proudly standing tall in the Mongolian taiga.

Known for its sturdy branches and long needles, this tree is a staple in the northern regions, offering a resilient presence in the face of harsh winters.

10 Facts about Siberian Pine 03

2. Saxaul Tree (Haloxylon ammodendron):

Venture into the Gobi Desert, and you’ll encounter the hardy Saxaul Tree, a true survivor in the arid landscape.

With its distinctive twisted branches, this tree has adapted to thrive in the challenging desert conditions, providing shelter to various creatures seeking refuge from the scorching sun.

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3. Willow (Salix spp.):

As we approach water sources, the graceful willow trees make their appearance.

Along riverbanks and lakeshores, these trees, with their elegant drooping branches, create a serene ambiance. Their presence is a refreshing contrast to the arid expanses and a haven for birdlife.

How to Grow Willow Trees Feature

4. Poplar (Populus spp.):

In the northern regions, the Poplar trees sway in the breeze, casting their shade along river valleys.

Their distinctive leaves and tall trunks make them a prominent feature of the Mongolian landscape, especially during the warmer months when their greenery contrasts with the surrounding hills.

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5. Mongolian Manchurian Oak (Quercus liaotungensis):

As we delve deeper into Mongolian forests, the Manchurian Oak graces us with its presence.

With its robust trunk and broad canopy, this oak stands as a symbol of strength and endurance, providing shelter to a variety of wildlife.

6. Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides):

In the southern regions, the Sea Buckthorn takes center stage. Known for its orange berries, this shrub not only adds a splash of color to the landscape but also plays a crucial role in preventing soil erosion.

The berries are rich in nutrients, making them a valuable resource for both humans and animals.

Sea Buckthorn

7. Mongolian Pine (Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica):

As we return to the northern regions, the Mongolian Pine captures our attention. Resilient in the face of cold temperatures, this pine species forms extensive forests, contributing to the unique biodiversity of Mongolia.

In our journey through Mongolia’s trees, we’ve encountered a diverse cast of characters, each playing a vital role in the country’s ecosystems.

From the resilient Saxaul in the Gobi Desert to the towering Siberian Pine in the northern taiga, these trees weave a narrative of adaptation and survival in this captivating land.

So, the next time you find yourself amidst Mongolia’s natural wonders, take a moment to appreciate the silent stories told by these magnificent trees.

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