How many ethnic groups in Mongolia? – This country is a huge and varied place with stunning landscapes, a really long history, and a culture that’s completely unique. 

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When we talk about the different groups of people who live there, the biggest one is the Khalkha Mongols.

They’re the most well-known and make up most of the people in the country. You can spot most of the Khalkha Mongols in the middle and east of Mongolia, even in the capital city, Ulaanbaatar.

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Another significant ethnic group in Mongolia is the Kazakhs. The Kazakhs are a Turkic-speaking people who predominantly reside in the western part of the country, particularly in the Bayan-Ulgii province.

The Khalkha Mongols have this special way of traveling around, their own language, and traditions full of life. It’s like they’re threads in the beautiful quilt of Mongolian society that makes it diverse and exciting.

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Buryats are yet another notable ethnic group in Mongolia. They are of Mongol origin and primarily live in the northern regions of the country, near Lake Khövsgöl and the Russian border.

The Buryats have a unique way of living, and their old-school practices, like shamanism and throat singing, are like secret ingredients in Mongolia’s cultural recipe, making it super rich and one-of-a-kind. They’ve spiced up the traditions that people in Mongolia really love.

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The Dorvod ethnic group is concentrated in the southern regions of Mongolia. The Dorvod people have their own style of talking and living, which makes them different from other Mongolian groups. They keep to their old-fashioned way of life, all about looking after animals and practicing Buddhism.

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Uriankhai, Bayad, Khoton

Mongolia is also home to smaller groups like the Uriankhai, Bayads, and Khotons. Even though there aren’t a ton of them, these smaller groups are really important. They play a big role in keeping Mongolia’s mixed-up culture alive and interesting. They have their own special customs and languages that add more flavors to the mix.

Even though Mongolia has lots of different cultures and people, they all come together and feel like they’re one big family. The government is working hard to make sure everyone gets along and celebrates the fact that people from all different backgrounds make Mongolia so special.

In recent years, there have been efforts to protect and preserve the languages, traditions, and cultural heritage of these various ethnic groups. The government, alongside organizations and communities, is committed to ensuring that the diverse ethnic identities within Mongolia continue to thrive.

Mongolia’s ethnic diversity is a source of pride and strength, reflecting the country’s long and storied history. While the Khalkha Mongols are the most numerous, the presence of various ethnic groups contributes to Mongolia’s colorful mosaic of cultures. Each group brings its own traditions, language, and practices, enriching the nation’s identity.

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In conclusion

Mongolia is home to a range of ethnic groups, each with its unique customs, languages, and traditions. The Khalkha Mongols are the largest and most widespread group, but the Kazakhs, Buryats, Dorvod, and other smaller groups add depth and diversity to the nation’s culture. The coexistence of these ethnicities enriches Mongolia’s heritage and showcases the country’s commitment to unity in diversity.

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